Why This Time is Different: The North Korea Crisis and New Zealand’s Interests

Author: Steff, R.
Published in National Security Journal, 09 April 2020

65 Jonathan Swan, “Scoop: Trump urges staff to portray him as ‘crazy guy”, Axios, 2 October 2017, https://www.axios.com/scoop-trump-urges-staff-to-portray-him-as-crazy-guy-1513305888-c1cbdb89-6370-4e13-98ed-28c414e62a35.html

66 Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller. Debating the Democratic Peace (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1996).

67 Reuben Steff, “Strategic Liberalism and Kiwi Maximalism,” New Zealand International Re- view, 41(2) (2016) pp. 14-17.

68 In the New Zealand context, David McCraw has written extensively on this. For example, see David McCraw, “Idealism and Realism in the Foreign Policy of the Fourth Labour Government,” Political Science, 53(2) (2001) pp. 21-37.

69 Shiping Tang, “The Security Dilemma: A Conceptual Analysis,” Security Studies, 18(3) (2009) pp. 597-623.

70 Rt Hon Winston Peters, “Next Steps,” 29 June 2018. Available at: https://www.beehive.govt.nz/speech/next-steps

71 “Peters reports back to US on N Korea,” New Zealand Herald, 20 November 2007. Available at: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10477218

72 Paul Bellamy has written extensively on New Zealand’s relations with North Korea. See Paul Bellamy, “A Reluctant Friend: New Zealand’s Relationship with North Korea: 1973-1989,” New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 14(1) (June 2012), pp. 30-48; Paul Bellamy, “Seeking constructive dialogue with North Korea,” New Zealand International Review, 43(1) (January/February 2018, pp. 13-15); Paul Bellamy, “‘An Awfully Long Time’: Establishing New Zealand-North Korea Diplomatic Relations,” New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 15(2) (December 2013), pp. 24-44.

73 Of critical importance is assuming that cooperation between democracies and autocracies is possible. See Charles A. Kupchan, How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace, (Princeton University Press: Princeton, 2010) p. 408.

74 Evan Braden Montgomery, “Breaking Out of the Security Dilemma Realism, Reassurance, and the Problem of Uncertainty,” International Security, 31(2) (Fall 2006), pp. 151-85, p. 152.

75 Bobbitt’s essays can be found on his blog. See Philip Bobbitt, “What to Do About North Korea,” Lawfare. Available at: https://www.lawfareblog.com/what-do-about-north-korea

76 Kupchan, How Enemies Become Friends.