New Zealand’s Counter-terrorism Strategy: A Critical Assessment

Authors: Battersby, J., Ball, R., & Nelson, N.
Published in National Security Journal, 23 June 2020


1 See New Zealand International Terrorism (Emergency Powers) Act 1987.
Available at:

2 See New Zealand Terrorism Suppression Act 2002.
Available at:

3 John Gearson & Hugo Rosemont, “CONTEST as Strategy: Reassessing Britain’s Counterterrorism Approach,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38:12 (2015), pp.1041-1042.

4 Colin Gray, Perspectives on Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

5 Hew Strachan, The Direction of War: Contemporary Strategy in Historical Perspective (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), p. 12.

6 Aaron Edwards, Strategy in War and Peace (xEdinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017).

7 Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism: National Strategy Overview. Retrieved from

8 Alan Stolberg, How Nation States Craft National Security Strategy Documents (Pennsylvania: Strategic Studies Institute, 2012).

9 Malia DuMont, Elements of National Security Strategy. Retrieved from

10 The 2004 Counter-Terrorism White Paper: Protecting Australia Against Terrorism, and the 2010 Counter-Terrorism White Paper Securing Australia/Protecting Our Community.

11 Commonwealth of Australia (2015). Australia’s Counter-Terrorism Strategy: Strengthening Our Resilience, p. v.

12 Ibid, p. v.

13 Ibid, p. vi.

14 HM Government, “CONTEST: The United Kingdom’s Strategy for Countering Terrorism, (2018). Available at data/file/716907/140618_CCS207_CCS0218929798-1_CONTEST_3.0_WEB.pdf

15 The 2018 publication is the fourth iteration of the strategy. Ibid, p.13.17 NEW ZEALAND’S COUNTER-TERRORISM STRATEGY