Securing Public Places: New Zealand’s Private Security Sector as a National Security Enabler

Author: Dynon, N.
Published in National Security Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2019

10 Rick Sarre, “Private Police: The future of policing and the broader regulatory framework”, Austra­lian Institute of Criminology, 2002.

11 Mark Button, “Community safety and the private security sector”, in Peter Squires (ed.), Community Safety: Critical Perspectives on Policy and Practice, (Bristol, The Policy Press, 2006). p.125.

12 See Brian Forst and Peter K. Manning, The Privatization of Policing: Two Views, 1999, Georgetown University Press. See also Mark Button, op cit. p.125.

13 Lucia Zedner, “The concept of security: an agenda for comparative analysis”, Legal Studies, 23, 2003. Available at (last accessed 07 September 2019).

14 Sharron Cleghorn, et al., Analysis of the New Zealand Security Industry, Massey University student paper, August 1997. This report notes growth in crime of 4.46% annually between 1972 and 1997.

15 Zedner, loc cit. p.160.

16 Alison Wakefield, “The Public Surveillance Functions of Private Security”, in David Wood (ed), Surveillance & Society, Vol 2 No 4 (2004): People Watching People. p.534. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

17 Cleghorn, et al., op cit. p.8.

18 Trevor Bradley, “Governing private security in New Zealand.”, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol. 49(2) 159–178, 2016.

19 American Society of Industrial Security is abbreviated ASIS and is known by the brand ASIS Inter­national.

20 Interview of ASIS NZ Chair Andrew Thorburn, Auckland, 28 August 2019.

21 For example, where a private security officer comes across a person of interest in the course of their duties and provides information about their whereabouts to police.

22 The New Zealand Court Security Act 1999 allows the chief executive to employ or contract for court security officers.

23 Carl Walrond, “Security and personal safety”, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 05 May 2011 (updated 01 August 2017). Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

24 Manfredo Manfredini, et al., “Give Us Space! Augmented public space geographies in the changing public/private relationships”, The Journal of Public Space, 2018, Vol. 3 n. 1. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

25 Privatisation of Public Space, CBRE. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

26 Wakefield, loc cit. p.532.

27 Geoffrey Rice, “City public spaces”, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 11 March 2010. (accessed 07 September 2019).

28 Alison Greenaway, et al., Young People, Alcohol and Safer Public Spaces, Alcohol & Public Health Research Unit Whariki Research Group, University of Auckland, June 2002. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

29 Button, loc cit. p.130.

30 “The privatisation of public space”, Design Build Network, 23 April 2017. Available at (last accessed 07 September 2019).

31 Jack Shenker, “Revealed: the insidious creep of pseudo-public space in London”, The Guardian, 24 July 2017. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

32 “Snickel Lane: a new addition to Auckland’s downtown laneway neighbourhood”, Heart of the City, Auckland, 20 February 2018, Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).