Securing Public Places: New Zealand’s Private Security Sector as a National Security Enabler

Author: Dynon, N.
Published in National Security Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2019


1 CONTEST: The United Kingdom’s Strategy for Countering Terrorism, HM Government, June 2018. Available at (ac­cessed 07 September 2019).

2 Anthony Bergin, Donald Williams and Christopher Dixon, Safety in numbers: Australia’s private se­curity guard force and counterterrorism, ASPI Special Report, October 2018. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

3 National Security System Handbook, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, New Zealand Government, 01 August 2016. p.7. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

4 New Zealand Defence White Paper 2016, Ministry of Defence, New Zealand Government, June 2016. p.17. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

5 POL Min (01) 33/18.

6 Governance of the National Security System, Office of the Auditor-General, New Zealand Govern­ment, November 2016. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).

7 The bureaucratic construct ‘homeland security’ has varied over time, and varies between jurisdic­tions. Paul Rosenzweig: “the impetus for forming the Department of Homeland Security (and concep­tualizing the idea of defending the homeland) lies in a clear national security defeat for the nation in the 9/11 attacks (Paul Rosenzweig, “Is Homeland Security A Subset Of National Security?”, Lawfare blog, 06 April 2017, Available at (last accessed 07 September 2019). “the national effort to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards where American interests, aspirations, and ways of life can thrive to the national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the U.S. to terrorism, and minimize the damage from attacks that do occur” (“Defining Homeland Security: Analysis and Congressional Considerations”, 08 January 2013. p.8.

8 See Rouben Azizian (interview), “A comprehensive approach to national security and a more asser­tive New Zealand in regional security?”, Line of Defence Magazine, Autumn 2017. Available at (last accessed 07 September 2019). See also Chris Rothery. (2019) “Time for a National Security Strategy”, National Security Journal, Massey University Centre for Defence and Security Studies, October 2019.

9 Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010, Part 2 – Licences and certificates; Subpart 1—Licences – Who must be licensed. Note: under the Act, no Police employee or Crown em­ployee is required to hold a licence. Classes of people requiring licenses under the Act include: private investigators, security technicians, security consultants, confidential document destruction agents, repossession agents, property guards, personal guards, and crowd controllers. Available at (accessed 07 September 2019).