Evolution of the Abortion Law and its Practice in Poland Against the Background of the Current Legal Framework in New Zealand

Author: Eska-Mikołajewska, J
Published in National Security Journal, 05 April 2021

63 “MP’s bill aims for abortion on demand,” 2 July 2010. Available at https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/mps-bill-aims-for-abortion-on-demand/MCQAWPDZEDE4GZOFHAB3NVKY2Y/19

64 “Abortion – Opposition and support from the 1960s’,” Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 5 May 2011, https://teara.govt.nz/en/abortion/page-3

65 “Abortion Issues Poll January 2017,” 31 January 2017. Available at http://alranz.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Abortion-Issues-Poll-Results-January-2017.pdf

66 “Alternative approaches to abortion law,” 27 February 2018. Available at https://www.lawcom.govt.nz/abortion

67 “Hundreds march on Parliament calling for abortion law reform,” Staff.co.nz, 5 December 2018. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/health/109128499/hundreds-march-on-parliament-callingfor-abortion-law-reform; “Organisations sign letter supporting abortion law reform as second reading to begin, “ 3 March 2020. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/health/119969499/organisations-sign-letter-supporting-abortion-law-reform-as-second-reading-to-begin

68 “Abortion – Abortion: 1990s to 21st century,” Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 5 May 2011, https://teara.govt.nz/en/abortion/page-5

69 One of them was that “the unborn child, as one of the weakest, the most vulnerable, and most defenseless forms of humanity, should receive protection.”. See “New Zealand abortion bill ‘totally unacceptable’, bishops say,” 20 February 2020. Available at https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/new-zealand-abortion-bill-totally-unacceptable-bishops-say-15449

70 Joint submission by the New Zealand Catholic Bishops Conference & The Nathaniel Centre, September 2019. Available at https://www.parliament.nz/resource/en-NZ/52SCAL_EVI_89814_AL6911/f0dc02fbf85601b45c8acc8c1fcecba0e73b69a2

71 “Abortion case headed for Human Rights Tribunal,” Newsroom.co.nz, 8 October 2018. Available at https://www.newsroom.co.nz/2018/10/07/267802/abortion-case-before-human-rights-commission

72 “UN recommends abortion law changes: Agencies welcome UN review recommendations,” 26 January 2019. Available at https://www.familyplanning.org.nz/news/2019/un-recommends-abortion-decriminalisation

73 “New Government bill seeks to remove abortion from Crimes Act, treat it as a health issue,” 5 August 2019. Available at https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/new-government-bill-seeks-remove-abortion-crimes-act-treat-health-issue

74 A 2017 survey showed 63.3% of New Zealanders disagreed with the statement “abortion is always wrong”, an increase from 55.4% in 2008. See “New Zealand Election Study,” 19 August 2019. Available at http://www.nzes.org/exec/show/index

75 Abortion Legislation Act 2020, 2020 No. 6.

76 G.A. Wood, Chris Rudd, The Politics and Government of New Zealand, (Dunedin, University of Otago Press, 2004), p. 243.

77 “NZ PM rushes world’s most extreme abortion legislation into law while country distracted with pandemic,” 18 March 2020.

78 K. Kędziora, “Reproductive rights and discrimination against women. Polish anti-abortion act in the light of international law standards,” Available at http://www.ptpa.org.pl/site/assets/files/1028/opinia_prawa_reprodukcyjne_a_dyskryminacja_kobiet.pdf

79 Wojciech Stankiewicz, “The legal status of women in Poland in the light of the European Union legislation,” Central European Political Studies, 1 (2006), p. 114., DOI: 10.14746/ssp.2006.1.07.

80 “This week we brought New Zealand’s abortion laws into the 21st century,” 19 March 2020. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2020/mar/20/this-week-we-brought-new-zealands-abortion-laws-into-the-21st-century

81 “Poland has slammed door shut on legal and safe abortions – UN experts,” 27 October 2020.