The Ghost of New Zealand’s Terrorism Past and Present

Author: Battersby, J. M.
Published in National Security Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2019


1 K.Greener-Barcham, “Before September: A History of Counter-Terrorism in New Zealand”, Australian Journal of Political Science, 37(3) (2002), p.511.

2 Bruce Hoffman, Inside Terrorism, (New York, Columbia University Press, 2006), pp.18-19.

3 Tim Shadbolt, Bullshit & Jellybeans, Wellington, Alister Taylor, 1971), 127-130.

4 Untitled Post, 13 December 2005. Available at, (accessed 15 October 2018).

5 “How the hippies really did help change the world”, New Zealand Herald, 12 February 2011. Available at (accessed 15 October 2018).

6 Shadbolt, 127-130.

7 Kathleen Belew, Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America (Cam- bridge & London, Harvard University Press, 2018), 10.

8 “Guards join jets to prevent nuclear protest skyjack”, The Dominion, 28 June 1972, National Library of New Zealand (NLNZ).

9 “Arsons, marches and petitions: the abortion debate in 1970s New Zealand”, 13 November 2015. Available at, (accessed 10 May 2018).

10 “Mystery hole revealed sinister plot,” New Zealand Herald, 30 June Available at https://www., (accessed 10 May 2018).

11 John Battersby, “Can Old Lessons Inform Current Directions: Australia, New Zealand, and Ananda Marga’s Trans-Tasman “Terrorism”, 1975-1978, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (2019), available at DOI: 1080/1057610X.2019.1575031

12 Ibid

13 Ananda Marga in New Zealand, 9 August 1979, NZSIS 26/6/17, folio 965, OIA release to the author 3 May

14 Email (Sender and Recipient withheld), 2 April 2019, former police officer recollections of Ananda Marga, forwarded to the

15 Rachel Landers, Who bombed the Hilton? (Sydney, NewSouth, 2016) 126.

16 “Death Blast Linked to Bomb Plot,” New Zealand Herald, 15 May 1976,

17 The details referred to in this paragraph are drawn from a NZ Police list of incidents, attached as Annex W to “Operation Rugby, 19 July-13 September 1981”, Police Headquarters Wellington, February 1982, NZ Police Library. The reference to realistic bomb hoaxes was located in “Anti-Springbok Tour Protests,” Appendix to 3524, 21 August 1981, NZSIS, Declassified 4 November

18 “The Snowman and the Queen: The story of a Kiwi teen terrorist and would-be assassin”,, 8 January 2018. Available at, (accessed 11 June 2018). The NZSIS documents this series was based on have since been released to the author under OIA request.