The Changing New Zealand National Security Environment: New Threats, New Structures, and New Research

Author: Hoverd, W.J.
Published in National Security Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2019

43 Ministry of Defence. The Climate Crisis: Defence Readiness and Responsibilities. December 2018. Available at (ac­cessed 25th July 2019.

44 William Hoverd. Defence Capability Plan – Reading Between the Lines. 13th June 2019. AC2F-1620500F49CE last accessed 1st July 2019.

45 Nicky Hager & Jon Stephenson. 2017. Hit & Run: The New Zealand SAS in Afghanistan and the meaning of honour. Potton and Burton Press, Nelson.

46 Inquiry into Operation Burnham. last accessed 1st July 2019.

47 See Hoverd, W., (Forthcoming 2019/20) Technological Threat Attribution, Trust and Confidence, and the Contestability of National Security Policy. In Reuben Steff (ed) Emerging Technologies and International Security: Machines, the State and War. Routledge, Studies in Conflict, Security and Tech­nology series.

48 See: last accessed 1st July 2019.

49 Ministry of Primary Industries. What is Mycoplasma Bovis?­tion-and-response/mycoplasma-bovis/what-is-mycoplasma-bovis/ last accessed 1st July 2019.

50 Ibid.,

51 David Williams. M.Bovis Cost Passes 200 million dollars. June 25th 2019. https://www.newsroom. Last accessed 1st July 2019.

52 Ibid.

53 Mycoplasma Bovis 2019 National Plan.­vis-2019-national-plan-summary last accessed 1st July 2019.

54 Ministry of Transport. Intelligent Traffic Systems.­nology/intelligenttransportsystems/ last accessed 1st July 2019.

55 Department of Corrections. Intel Focus on Reducing Family Violence. https://www.corrections.govt. nz/resources/newsletters_and_brochures/corrections_works/2016/corrections_works_march_2016/in­tel_focus_on_reducing_family_violence.html last accessed 1st July 2019.

56 Rob O’Neill. Customs targets social media for open source border security intelligence. 31st July 2018.­ty-intelligence/ last accessed 1st July 2019.

57 Matt Stewart. Government launches new biosecurity intelligence unit. April 30th 2019. https://www.stuff. last accessed 1st July 2019.

58 Radio New Zealand. Government to question MBIE over fake persona training. 9th January 2019. Last accessed 1st July 2019.

59 Sir Michael Cullen and Dame Patsy Reddy. Intelligence and Security in a Free Society: Report of the First Independent Review of Intelligence and Security in New Zealand,” 26th February 2016.

60 Ibid.

61 The Intelligence and Security Act 2017.

62 The Act replaced: the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service Act 1969, the Government Communications Security Bureau Act 2003, the Intelligence and Security Committee Act 1996 and the Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security Act 1996.

63 The Inspector General of Intelligence and Security. last accessed 1st July 2019.

64 Rogers, D. (2018). Intelligence and Security Act 2017: A Preliminary Critique. New Zealand Law Review. 4, 657-692.

65 National Security System Handbook (Wellington: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 2016).

66 Johanson, TC. (2016). Weapon of Mass Distraction: New Zealand’s National Security System. De­mocracy and Security. 13(2), 103-116.