Author: Bradley, C
Published in National Security Journal, 15 May 2020
38 Dennehy & Newbold, Girls, p. 165; Yves Lavigne, Hell’s Angels: Three can keep a Secret if Two are Dead, (Toronto: Carol Publishing Group 1996), pp.61-62.
39 Bradley, Outlaw Bikers, p.7.
40 Bradley, Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs, p.275.
41 Bradley, Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs, p. 275; Daniel Wolf, The Rebels: A Brotherhood of Outlaw Bikers, (Toronto: University of Toronto press 1991), p.25.
42 See Isaac, Red. Gilbert, Patched, pp.71-88.
43 Veno, The Brotherhoods, p.145.
44 Gilbert, Patched, pp.90-91, Dennehy & Newbold, Girls, p.171.
45 “Deported bikie outlaws are threatening to inflame gang violence in small town NZ,” 21 July 2019, Stuff. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/113545350/deported-bikie-outlaws-are-threatening-to-inflame-gang-violence-in-small-town-nz. “Black Power member admits role in Taranaki gang attack but denies intent”, Taranaki Daily News, 13 June 2019. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/taranaki-daily-news/news/113466708/black-power-member-admits-role-in-taranaki-gang-attack-but-denies-intent.
46 Gilbert, Patched, p.202.
47 “Gang fight caught on video in Tokoroa street goes viral,” New Zealand Herald, 13 February 2019. Available at https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12203026. “Black Power member admits role in Taranaki gang attack but denies intent,” Taranaki Daily News, 13 June 2019. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/taranaki-daily-news/news/113466708/black-power-member-admits-role-in-taranaki-gang-attack-but-denies-intent. “Stolen patch mocked online before Stokes Valley gang brawl,” Stuff, 19 March 2019. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/110582125/stolen-patch-mocked-online-sparked-stokes-valley-gang-brawl. “Large gang fight sees police swoop on ‘volatile’ situation in Hutt Valley,” Stuff, 14 January 2019. Available at https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/109900067/reports-of-gang-fight-in-stokes-valley.
48 Ross Coulthart & Duncan McNab, Dead Man Running: An Insider’s Story on one of the World’s Most Feared Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs…The Bandidos, (Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin, 2008), p.31.
49 M. Hamilton. & M. Hirszowicz, Class and Inequality: Comparative Perspectives, (Hemel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991), p.75.
50 Coulthart & McNab, Dead Man, p.31.
51 Clive Small & Tom Gilling, Blood Money: Bikies, Terrorists and Middle Eastern Gangs, (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2011), p.201.
52 Adam Shand, Outlaws: The Truth About Australian Bikers, (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2011), p.243.
53 “Insight: Future of Gangs”, Radio New Zealand, 10 June 2018.
54 Coulthart & McNab, Dead Man, p.57.
55 James Morton & Susanna Lobez, Gangland Australia, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2014), pp. 279, 280; Dennehy & Newbold, Girls, p. 98-100; Wolf, The Rebels, 1993.
56 Davis Haslett, Riding the Margins: International Media and the Construction of a Generic Outlaw Biker Identity in the South Island of New Zealand, circa 1950-1975, unpublished Master of Arts thesis (Christchurch: University of Canterbury, 2007), p.126.
57 Gilbert, Patched, see pp.199-203.
58 Morton & Lobez, Gangland p.281.
59 Gilbert, Patched, p.201.
60 Gilbert, Patched, p.201.
61 Klaus von Lampe, Organized Crime: Analyzing Illegal Activities, Criminal Structures and Extra-legal Governance, (Los Angeles: Sage, 2016), p.121.
62 Thomas Barker, Biker gangs and Organized Crime, (Newark: Matthew Bender and Company, Inc., 2007).
63 Taonui and Newbold, “Māori Gangs,” p. 221, Dennehy & Newbold, Girls, pp.190, 121, 122.